Is it permissible to desex an animal if you want to keep him/her as a pet, not for breeding purpose?
As I want to keep a rabbit either a pair of male and female or two males or two females, I was reading that if you are not planning to breed from your pet, desexing is recommended. It ensures a calm temperament and reduces the likelihood of some serious diseases. Desexing reduces the incidence of uterine cancer and also reduces aggression on both sexes. Female rabbits should be desexed to prevent development of uterine cancer as there is a high chance of female rabbits contracting the cancer if they are not bred from. If you want to have more than one rabbit, then you will need to desex your rabbits. Male rabbit may become obsessive about marking his territory (spraying his semen/urine about and very much dirtying his surroundings).
Also I want to spay him/her because of purity point of you. I don't want them to spray urine on the wall and floors where we pray. Please answer me in the light of Quran. I know Islam does not allow harming any animal. But I just want to do it for their health and for purification point of you. Sorry for such a long question.
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
In principle, if desexing an animal will bring any benefit or will prevent some harm, it will be permissible to desex the animal. On the other hand, if desexing the animal will not bring any benefit or prevent some harm, it will not be permissible to desex the animal. Desexing the animal with the intention of fattening it or allowing its meat to become tastier or preventing it from breeding or preventing it from aggressive behaviour are examples of valid reasons for desexing an animal.
Therefore, if desexing rabbits does have the benefits that you mentioned, it will be permissible for you to desex them.
في الدر المختار: وجاز خصاء البهائم حتى الهرة ... وقيدوه بالمنفعة وإلا فحرام ؛ وقال في الشامية: ( قوله وقيدوه ) أي جواز خصاء البهائم بالمنفعة ، وهي إرادة سمنها أو منعها عن العض ( رد المحتار: 9/640 ، دار المعرفة )
وقال الطحطاوي: ( قوله: وقيدوه بالمنفعة ) ... وعللوا جواز الخصاء بأن فيه تطييبا للحم وترك النكاح والنزو ( حاشية الطحطاوي على الدر المختار:4/195 )
في الفتاوى الهندية: وأما في غيره (أي: وأما الخصاء في غير الفرس) من البهائم فلا بأس به إذا كان فيه منفعة ، وإذا لم يكن فيه منفعة أو دفع ضرر فهو حرام كذا في الذخيرة (الفتاوى الهندية: 5/437 ، العلمية )
في الخانية: ولا بأس بخصاء السنور إذا كان فيه ضرر، ولا بأس بخصاء البهائم وكي الأغنام لأن فيه منفعة ظاهرة ( فتاوى قاضيخان: 3/312 ، العلمية )
And Allah knows best.
Mufti Faizal Riza
Darul Ifta Australia
Mufti-Online.net answers issues pertaining to Shariah. Thereafter, these questions and answers are placed for public view on www.mufti-online.net for educational purposes. However, many of these answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation or another environment. Mufti-Online.net bears no responsibility with regards to these questions being used out of their intended context.
- The Shariah ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.
- Mufti-Online.net bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.
- This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of Mufti-Online.net.
- Any or all links provided in our emails, answers and articles are restricted to the specific material being cited. Such referencing should not be taken as an endorsement of other contents of that website.