When leaving from a gathering or meeting, is it sunnah to only give salam to the people or to make musaafaha (hand shake) too?
بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْم
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
When leaving a gathering, it is sunnah to say salaam. Musaafaha is sunnah at the time of meeting someone, not at the time of leaving. The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) described musaafaha as 'that which completes one's greeting' (Musnad Ahmad, Tirmizi; Mirqaat: 8/462). Greeting, obviously, is done when meeting someone, not when leaving. The scholars have also expressly mentioned that the right place for musaafaha is when meeting someone. (Mirqaat: 8/458)
Abu Hurairah (RA) narrates that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said "When one of you goes to a gathering, he should say salam. Thereafter, if he wants to sit, he should sit. Then, when he stands (to leave), he should say salam, for the first (i.e. first salam i.e. at the time of meeting) is not more deserving than the last (i.e. the salam at the time of leaving, i.e. both the salams are important)" (Tirmizi, Abu Dawud; Mirqaat: 8/439)
قال العلامة علي القارئ: فإن محل المصافحة المشروعة أوّل الملاقاة إلخ ( مرقاة المفاتيح: 8/458 )
Mufti Faizal Riza
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